Tbilisi bourgeois city
In 1801 by order of the Emperor of Russia, Kartli and Kakheti became a part of the Russian Empire. Tbilisi lost its status as the capital and became the principal town of a province.In the XIXth century Tbilisi gradually became the regional city of the Caucasus. The Caucasian residence of the person acting on behalf of the king was also located here.In the XIXth century Tbilisi was the typical bourgeois town. Trade and industry were booming, and the territory of the city extended as well. Sololaki, Kukia, Chughureti, Kharpukhi, and Didube also became a part of the city.The old Tbilisi possessed its own natural dominants, the uniting architectural accents, and the Narikhala, the Metekhi, and the Mtkvari River represented the architectural axes. In the XIXth century the dominant aspect of the city became Golovin Avenue.In the XIXth century Tbilisi lived the life of an active cultural, political, and economic city. Georgian mass media gained strength. The theatrical life of Tbilisi also revived, new educational and medical institutions are opened and the first railway service began. In 1887 the first Avchala water supply got under way, and in 1893 the Tbilisi municipal telephone station began to work. In the same period the first motor-cars appeared in the city.In the XIXth century Tbilisi was a very detailed picturesque city with European and Asian features. “Tbilisi is wonderful to look at from above in the evening, and it seems as if you are looking down on the town from the Eiffel Tower” - French traveller Emille Levier writes in his memoirs. Here people of various religious beliefs and nationalities have enjoyed equal rights and respect from time immemorial. Tbilisi was a city of bohemianism…a city of poets and musicians … sulphur baths…….the Kintos and the Kharachoghelebi…. Women dressed in a European manner and the princes dressed in Chokha- Akhalikhi walking down Golovin Avenue…. The way of passing time in Tbilisi: Kheenoba and Naghli….Tbilisi was a hospitable extraordinary town which often became a source of inspiration for many poets and writers. And the XXth century was drawing near. . .